Linear regressionΒΆ

Linear Regression Example

In [ ]:
from scipy import linspace, polyval, polyfit, sqrt, stats, randn
from pylab import plot, title, show , legend

#Linear regression example
# This is a very simple example of using two scipy tools 
# for linear regression, polyfit and stats.linregress

#Sample data creation
#number of points 
n=50
t=linspace(-5,5,n)
#parameters
a=0.8; b=-4
x=polyval([a,b],t)
#add some noise
xn=x+randn(n)

#Linear regressison -polyfit - polyfit can be used other orders polys
(ar,br)=polyfit(t,xn,1)
xr=polyval([ar,br],t)
#compute the mean square error
err=sqrt(sum((xr-xn)**2)/n)

print('Linear regression using polyfit')
print('parameters: a=%.2f b=%.2f \nregression: a=%.2f b=%.2f, ms error= %.3f' % (a,b,ar,br,err))

#matplotlib ploting
title('Linear Regression Example')
plot(t,x,'g.--')
plot(t,xn,'k.')
plot(t,xr,'r.-')
legend(['original','plus noise', 'regression'])

show()

#Linear regression using stats.linregress
(a_s,b_s,r,tt,stderr)=stats.linregress(t,xn)
print('Linear regression using stats.linregress')
print('parameters: a=%.2f b=%.2f \nregression: a=%.2f b=%.2f, std error= %.3f' % (a,b,a_s,b_s,stderr))

Another example: [http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/moac/currentstudents/peter_cock/python/lin_reg using scipy (and R) to calculate Linear Regressions]

Section author: Unknown[1], Unknown[66], TimCera

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